When Christensen and colleagues (1996) investigated the relationships between private body consciousness (PBC) and clinical parameters, such as IDWG
and phosphorous level over a one-month period in 52 patients on maintenance HD, patients with higher PBC scores indicating higher perception of body processes had a negative disease perception and poorer clinical outcomes.
is influenced by a myriad of environmental, nutritional, behavioral, physiological, and psychological factors (Hwang, Wang, & Chien, 2007; Sarkar, Kotanko, & Levin, 2006).
to 5.7% or less of body weight, as recommended by the DOPPS, is based on an analysis of 14,930 patients from the United States, Japan, and Europe (see Table 1) (Saran et al., 2003).
In the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS), predictors of higher odds of nonadherence included younger age (for skipping, shortening, excessive IDWG
, and hyperphosphatemia), African American race (for skipping and shortening), female gender (for excessive IDWG
), employed status (for hyperphosphatemia), living alone (for hyperphosphatemia), smoking (for skipping and excessive IDWG
), depression (for skipping and shortening), marital status (for hypephosphatemia), and time on dialysis (for shortening, IDWG
, and hyperkalemia) (Saran et al., 2003).
They demonstrated that the use of chewing gum reduced xerostomia and thirst, though it did not significantly impact IDWG
represents the increase in weight from the end of the hemodialysis treatment to the next treatment and reflects adherence with fluid restrictions.
Considering that the elevated sodium levels cause increased IDWG
and therefore hypertension and oedema, it can be said that this is a satisfactory result.
In model 1, age/10 years, gender, predialysis SBP, dialysis vintage > 3 years, IDWG
, diabetes, hsCRP > 5mg/L, and nutritional status were included as covariates.
Each patient's adherence behaviours were rated by the researcher based on IDWGs
, dialysis attendance, serum potassium and phosphorous levels over the last month.
is measured to assess weight differences between dialysis procedures.
Asi, respecto a la ingesta de liquidos encontramos que para el IDWG
, el grado de adhesion oscila entre un 94,3 y un 87,6%, segun el criterio (6), y para el IWG se situa en un 62,9% de cumplidores.