IECFInertial Electrostatic Confinement Fusion
IECFInternational Electronic Cinema Festival
IECFInstrument Engineering and Calibration Facilities (European Space Agency)
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Since then, IECF research based on this concept has been carried out widely at various institutions in the world, leading to the currently highest steady-state neutron yields of 5x10^7 neutrons/s for D-D and 7x10^6 protons/s for D-3He at the University of Wisconsin, as well as the much higher neutron production of 7x10^8 n/s during the peak of each pulse operated in the large-current pulse mode (17 Amps, 100 s, 10 Hz) at URIC.
Potential well formation due to space charge associated with spherically converging ion beams plays a key and essential role in the beam-beam colliding fusion, i.e., the major mechanism of the IECF devices.
In order to cope with this urgent issue, scientists in Japan have adopted optical diagnostics using the Stark effect, which is sensitive to local electric fields, to the IECF device with a hollow cathode.