Montana's Indian Education for All (IEFA
) is an "unprecedented reform effort 40 years in the making" (Carjuzaa, 2012, p.
Now, after 34 years of task forces, meetings, lawsuits and appeals, IEFA
is a funded reality.
In order to help readers consider IEFA
as it was envisioned and developed in Montana and to find linkages to their own schools and communities, we have grouped the articles into three sections.
Among these are the Essential Understandings Regarding Montana American Indians, an IEFA
implementation framework, professional development events, and subject-specific curriculum resources and guides.
At the same time, Fitch has affirmed approximately $3.1 billion of outstanding taxable and tax-exempt revenue bonds at 'AA+' issued by UChicago, the Illinois Finance Authority (IFA) and the Illinois Educational Facilities Authority (IEFA
The remaining significant inflows were into foreign funds in the form of the iShares Core MSCI EAFE (IEFA
) and iShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (IEMG).
WISE participates in a panel discussion on innovation and technology at IEFA
's inaugural conference of Paris.
's conferences bring together senior government leaders and heads of state, specialists, union leaders, representatives of private and public sectors, academics, and civil society to discuss issues, share experiences, and provide access to information.
For example, noted Rosenbluth, the Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets ETF (VEA), which charges 7 basis points, down from 9, is just one basis point cheaper than iShares Core MSCI EAFE (IEFA
), but year-to-date IEFA
has gained 11.2% while VEA has gained 10.4%.
In 1999, HB 528 established the Indian Education for All (IEFA
) initiative, which affirmed the state's commitment.
Jones, Roger Loh, Wei-Ling Song, Krishnamurthy Subramanian, Jerome Taillard, Bernard Yeung, and seminar participants at the University of Connecticut, the National University of Singapore, the Singapore Management University the 2009 NTU IEFA
Conference, the FMA 2009 Annual Meeting, and the 2010 CICF Conference for valuable comments and suggestions.
THE Indian Education for All (IEFA
) Act requires Montana teachers and faculty members to teach Indian history and culture at all levels, from kindergarten through college.