therapy response rate varies in all populations and the reasons for treatment failure are associated with host, virus and immune response variables.
The researchers analyzed blood and biopsy results for two continuous interferon (IFN
) expression scores, IFN-Score-A and IFN-Score-B.
It is worth noting that NETs efficiently stimulate plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) to produce a large amount of type I IFN
through the recognition of TLR-9 in SLE. This relation between NETs and type I IFNs
provides more evidence to explain how NETs promote immune responses.
A positive IFN
signature has been associated with progression to RA in patients with positive ACPA, which may be related to the antibody-induction capability of IFN
IFANCA, Prof Dr Tahir Zahoor Director General, National Institute of Food Science and Technology University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Mufti Syed Fazal-ur-Reheem Shariah Advisor IFANCA, Dr Sakhawat Ali Member Science PCSIR, Prof Dr Nadeem Akhtar Abbasi, PMAS-AAUR, Dean Agriculture Faculty, Prof Dr Asif Ahmad, PMAS-AAUR, IFNS
Director, Dr Anwar Ahmad and Dr Rai Aamir were present on the occasion.
 Several studies have shown that compared to the effects of other IFN
sub-units, the IFN[beta] is more powerful in terms of inhibition of cellular proliferation and angiogenesis.
The intracellular domain is involved in the signaling cascade, consisting of at least two distinct pathways: MyD88-dependent pathway that leads to the production of proinflammatory cytokines and MyD88-independent pathway associated with the stimulation of type I IFNs
Also, lung mRNA expression of IFNs
and chemokines from mice infected with IAV is not affected by isolated knockout of the MyD88 or MAVS pathway.
Since type I and type III IFNs
are major cytokines that protect host cells from viral infection , we then investigated whether SLC15A3 was involved in IFN
The disparate effects of type I IFNs
on bacterial infections are in marked contrast to their well-established protective roles in most viral infections .
Table 1 Summary of disease modified therapies for MS (modified from Rice) (6) Drug Approved indication Proposed mechanism of action IFNS
Yagita, 1999 Type Iinterferons (IFNs
) regulate tumor necrosis factor - related apoptosis - inducing ligand (TRAIL) expression on human T cells: A novel mechanism for the antitumor effects of type I IFNs