Briefing: http://pubs.iied.org/17368IIED Accessed 03.01.2017
Sudan's last jurisdictional challenge was directed at the "Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress" (IIED
) claims of the family members of those physically injured or killed by the bombings (more about this issue below).
(76) Unfortunately, though, while nonconsensual condom removal may seem patently offensive to the sympathetic reader, the same unsympathetic judge who might find such conduct insufficiently "extreme and outrageous" for IIED
may fail to recognize the dignitary harm necessary for a successful battery claim, though providing offensiveness will likely be a lighter burden than that required for IIED
(99.) Sources: IIED
1993, Wong 1995, TIDD 1986-2005 and RMSC 2006-12.
At the core of chanincha is a profound respect for Pacha Mama (Mother Earth) and reverence for the power and fragility of the environment--or the Apus (Mountains) (IIED
Working Paper 7 on Poverty Reduction in Urban Areas, International Institute for Environment and Development, London.
The following analysis of intentional infliction of emotional distress (IIED
) and negligent infliction of emotional distress (NIED) offers insight into how these marital torts could be reworked to avoid constitutional issues.
That includes $53.8 billion annually to reduce emissions and $39.9 billion to deal with more extreme weather and rising seas, according to a report from the London-based International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED
Hassan A, 2010, "4 cases of housing in Karachi", IIED
Density Study, London, http://pubs.iied.org/10582IIED.html
To succeed in a claim for intentional infliction of emotional distress ("IIED
"), a plaintiff must prove that a defendant's behavior was "extreme and outrageous." (88) It is insufficient that a defendant intended to cause severe distress to a victim or that the defendant actually caused such distress; (89) instead, a successful IIED
claim requires that the victim's emotional distress was caused by the defendant's outrageous conduct.