IJKA

AcronymDefinition
IJKAInternational Japan Karate Association
References in periodicals archive ?
Region N Alelos (%) E2 E3 E4 A Providencia (1) 29 8,62 70,71 20,69 A San Basilio (1) 30 5,00 76,67 18,33 A Cauca (1) 25 20,00 60,00 20,00 A Nuqui (1) 30 6,67 73,33 20,00 A Bahia Solano (1) 23 4,34 69,58 26,09 A Chocho (1) 25 20,00 66,00 14,00 A Embera (2) 25 0,00 86,00 14,00 A Waunana (2) 30 0,00 91,67 8,33 A Tule (2) 30 1,67 91,67 6,67 A Ijka (2) 30 1,67 80,00 18,33 A Nukak (2) 20 0,00 62,50 37,50 A Guahibo (2) 26 0,00 80,77 19,23 A Kogi (2) 30 0,00 90,00 10,00 A Coreguaje (2) 28 0,00 58,95 41,05 A Butaregua (2) 21 0,00 90,48 9,52 A Yuco (2) 30 0,00 100,00 0,00 B Bogota 1 (3) 538 4,74 86,15 9,11 A Bogota 2 (3) 100 6,50 82,50 11,00 C Quindio (3) 500 2,90 95,40 1,70 D Bogota 3 (3) 150 5,33 81,33 13,33 E Centro-Oriente (3) 691 4,49 86,83 8,68 -- Valle del Cauca (4) 183 3,00 84,70 12,30 Ref.
Here, it is significant to note the high frequency of C within the Arawakan-speaking Wayuu population, despite their close geographic proximity to the Chibchan-speaking populations of the SNSM (consisting of the Ijka, Kogui, and Arsario) in which haplogroup A predominates (Melton et al.
It includes the Pasto (whose language is extinct, but thought to have probably belonged to the Barbacoan family) and Ingano populations (Quechuan-speaking), as well as the Ijka, Kogui, Arsario, and Chimila populations (all Chibchan-speaking), the Paez (Nasa Yuwe) population (speaking a language isolate), and the Guahibo population (speaking a Guahiban language).
The Chibchan-speaking populations of Colombia's SNSM (Ijka, Kogui, and Arsario) share similar profiles, with high frequencies of haplogroups A and C (and very low frequencies of B, if present, and no incidence of D).
Besides the strong genetic similarity of the Guahibo with Colombian Chibchan-speakers (particularly the Ijka of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), it is noted that Guahibo inhabit a different habitat (savannah) than the Guayabero (jungle).
Although the genetic structures of most indigenous Colombian populations seem to fall broadly into the described northern A-B and southern C-D patterns, the Guahibo and Ijka populations present particularly high frequencies of haplogroup A (86% and 92%, respectively), suggesting that either genetic drift, founder effects and/or population bottlenecks have set them slightly apart.
Los descendientes de la cultura indigena tairona (arsario, ijka y kogui) viven en resguardos indigenas ubicados en la mitad de las tierras altas [13].
Se ha detectado en las poblaciones indigenas arsario (n = 9), ijka (n = 28) y kogui (n = 3), localizadas en la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, que podrian representar a los descendientes de la cultura precolombina tairona.
However, haplogroup C4c was also detected in modern Caribbean Colombia: Ijka 72 (Tamm, et al.
Haplotype 1 is found in 20 individuals: Ijka and Wayuu (Melton, et al.
(b) The contemporary northern South American cluster (Arsario, Ijka, Kogi, and Wayuu) is demarcated in a semi-circle.
Contemporary populations: b) Cundinamarca (Yunis & Yunis 2013); c) Bogota (Diaz-Matallana & Martinez-Cruzado 2010); d) Colombia and Venezuela (Diaz-Matallana & Martinez-Cruzado 2010); e) Boyaca (Yunis & Yunis 2013); f) Bogota (Rodas, et aL 2003); g) Caribbean Coast: Arsario, Ijka, Kogi, Wayuu (Melton, et al.