A rolling program of cultural heritage survey targeting priority knowledge gaps, Pleistocene areas, areas of modelled high archaeological risk and potential Aboriginal pathways that cross the IJMA
20) Under some interpretations, the consensus necessary for the ijma
must be among the entire Muslim community.
Developing the concept of Ijma
, 'the unanimous consent of all the learned men of the whole Mohammadan world at a certain time on a certain religious precept or practice for which there is no provision' in the Qur'an or Sunna, Chiragh 'Ali shows how throughout History there were different and diverging opinions on it and how it was considered not authoritative (ALI 1883, p.
The testimony to its legitimacy is provided by the Holy Quran and Sunnah, and also from the sayings of companions of Prophet SAAW and Ijma
(consensus of the jurists).
under classical theory, Ijma
had been subjected to conditions that virtually consigned it to the realm of utopia.
In Fiqh, it means exerting scientific and intellectual endeavor to derive laws from Quran, Sunnah, reason, and Ijma
In fact, nothing is found in the Qur'an, Sunnah, ijma
or even qiyas which can prove its invalidity.
Islamic legal tradition is replete with instances where what was initially considered beyond the pale, or even heretical, became accepted by the mainstream over time through the principle of ijma
Owing to the latest MoU signed between the parties, both IJMA
and New MediaCommunication will be establishing a dynamic, interactive, trade show to promote the Fashion Jewellery and its allied industry.
For example, the Shi'a accept the authenticity of different ahadith than do the Sunni, just as they differ on the concept of ijma
, or scholarly consensus--both of which derive from their diverging beliefs about succession issues.
Therefore, the qiyas and ijma
(or consensus) were used.
Thus the volume covers subjects like Total Quality Management (TQM) and the Deming Cycle while also making regular reference to Islamic concepts such as Shura (consultation) and Ijma