We extend a special acknowledgment to Tajauna Dunning, ILRU
's Robert Wood Johnson Program Assistant, for her contributions and assistance in the development of this document.
, 2323 South Shepherd, Suite 1000, Houston, TX 77019.
Research and Training Center on Independent Living (n.d.) An orientation to independent living centers [Brochure].
In a study currently underway, Independent Living Research Utilization (ILRU) identified more than 300 programs that offer independent living services to rural residents with disabilities.
With the goal of promoting the development of independent living services to meet the needs of people with disabilities living in rural communities, ILRU established five rural independent living projects between 1983 and 1986, funded through a grant from the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research.
The results of the ILRU demonstration projects show that very different avenues to implementing independent living practices may successfully improve the quality of life for people with disabilities in rural communities.
The primary source for this information was the ILRU Directory of Independent Living Programs (1986).
ILRU sourcebook: A technical assistance manual on independent living.
Houston, TX: ILRU Independent Living Research Utilization.
Material has been drawn from the ILRU National Database on Independent Living Programs to determine levels of compliance with both legislated and generally accepted criteria for centers, to compare characteristics of complying centers with non-complying programs, and to examine the implications of federal funding practices.(1) Criteria for Independent Living Centers
Aware of the absence of operational definitions, the Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA) followed the above amendments with a grant to the Independent Living Research Utilization (ILRU) program of Houston in 1977 to develop consensus definitions of program types.
The 12 standards developed by Berkeley Planning Associates included elements of the original criteria from the 1978 amendments to the Rehabilitation Act, the ILRU definition of 1979, and the "A through K" guidelines from 1984.