Unfortunately, what might be called the fourth wave of labour history -- the alternative approaches to the subject associated with journals like ILWCH
and History Workshop -- have not much impinged on Ireland.
Key discussions are Geoff Eley and Keith Nield, "Why Does Social History Ignore Politics?" Social History 5 (1980): 249-71; Ira Katznelson, "The 'Bourgeois' Dimension: A Provocation About Institutions, Politics, and the Future of Labor History," and the challenges from members of the ILWCH
Editorial Board in International Labor and Working-Class History 46 (Fall 1994): 7-92; Richard L.
Hanagan, "Work, School and Reform: A Comparison of Birmingham, England, and Pittsburgh, USA: 1900-1950," International Labor and Working Class History (ILWCH
), 40 (1991), 67-80; G.