He also provides intimate details about the interactions of the members of the American delegation with their Soviet counterparts during the initial INCSEA
negotiation and subsequent annual reviews.
Originally appearing in 2000 as Cold War at Sea: High Seas Confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union (Naval Institute Press), this monograph describes the development of navy to navy operational talks and agreements ("INCSEA
") entered into by the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1970s in response to concerns that low-level naval confrontations between the two superpowers could break out into wider war.
provided rules for both navies on how to operate and provided relief mechanisms when incidents occurred.
Such an agreement could be broadly similar to the May 1972 U.S.-Soviet agreement on the prevention of incidents on and over the high seas, commonly known as the Incidents-at-Sea (INCSEA
ocean surveillance ships (including the USNS Impeccable) in the Yellow Sea and South China Sea, some observers raised again the issue of whether to agree with the PLA on an INCSEA
. For example, retired Rear Admiral Eric McVaden suggested that an INCSEA
could compel China's top leaders to agree to avoid collisions or escalations of tensions, as well as provide rules and a safety valve.
(16) Law also served a channeling function to guide behavior toward less confrontational conduct, as illustrated by the INCSEA
agreement of 1972, designed to avoid an unintended conflict between American and Soviet naval forces.
Agreement on the Prevention of Incidents On and Over the High Seas (popularly referred to as the Incidents at Sea, or "IncSea
," Agreement)--23 UST 1168, TIAS 7379 and its 1973 Protocol, 24 UST 1063, and TIAS 7624--was designed to minimize the potential for "harassing actions and navigational one-upmanship" between American and Soviet ships and aircraft operating in close proximity on the "high seas," a term that encompasses all international waters and airspace, including the exclusive economic zone and the contiguous zone (Thomas and Duncan, eds., Annotated Supplement, p.
Strategy for Countering "Salami-Slicing" Strategy Risk of United States Being Drawn Into a Crisis or Conflict Whether United States Should Enter Into A U.S-Chinese Incidents-at-Sea (INCSEA
) Agreement Whether United States Should Ratify United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) Legislative Activity in 113th Congress S.Res.
(157.) Admiral Gorshkov and John Warner, Secretary of the Navy, signed the Incidents at Sea Agreement (IncSea
) in Moscow on 25 May 1972, seeking to reduce the number of accidents between the two navies by establishing a code of conduct for ships operating in close proximity.
(but the United States wanted to avoid "Cold War
The solution was found in 1972, in the historic pact, known as the Incidents at Sea Agreement (INCSEA
Option of Entering Into a U.S.-China Incidents-at-Sea (INCSEA