Once the samples were processed and radiocarbon dated back in labs at the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR
) at CU Boulder and the University of California Irvine, the researchers found that these ancient plants at all 30 ice caps have likely been continuously covered by ice for at least the past 40,000 years.
Jim White of Instaar
says today's climatologists are fighting major interests such as the oil and gas industries in much the same way physicians were fighting the tobacco lobby in the 1960s.
Other CU researchers involved in the study from INSTAAR
, the geological sciences department and the geography department are Emeritus Professor Mark Meier, Professor Mark Dyurgerov, Professor Robert Anderson, Professor Suzanne Anderson, postdoctoral researcher Shad O'Neel and doctoral student Ursula Rick.
With the author's move to INSTAAR
, Baffin Island research became a major objective of that institute for many years under the leadership of John Andrews.
34th Annual Arctic Workshop 11-13 March 2004, INSTAAR
, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 32nd Annual Arctic Workshop, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR
), held in Boulder, Colorado, on 14-16 March 2002.
Zeeberg, by Dimitri Badyukov and David Lubinski (INSTAAR
, University of Colorado at Boulder).
Sediment cores were collected from the fjords and inner continental shelves during joint oceanographic cruises of the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR
) with the Bedford Institute of Oceanography in the fall of 1993 (cruise HU93030) and with the University of Troms[theta] in the fall of 1996 (cruise JM96) (Table 1).
Program with Abstracts of a conference held 14-16 March 1996 at INSTAAR
, Boulder, Colorado.
The United States also has vigorous Arctic research institutes at several universities, many of which have annual research budgets measured in tens of millions of dollars (U.S.), e.g., the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR
), University of Colorado at Boulder; the Polar Science Centre, University of Washington; and the Byrd Polar Research Centre, Ohio State University at Columbus.
Pollen identifications were made using the INSTAAR
Palynology Laboratory reference collection plus keys and floras (Hulten, 1968; McAndrews et al., 1973; Moriya, 1976).