Australian intervention and sustainment in INTERFET
was considered relatively successful in establishing some level of stability in East Timor and representing the most decisive Australian regional military intervention in Southeast Asia since World War II.
For the first phase of the initial intervention mission in Timor known as INTERFET
, Australia had the full range of military capabilities, the will, and the funding to assume leadership of the multinational coalition.
(138) Bob Breen, Mission accomplished, East Timor: The Australian Defence Force participation in the International Forces East Timor (INTERFET
) (Crows Nest: Allen & Unwin, 2000), p.
(5) Timor-Leste was also subject to two multilateral international interventions: INTERFET
(1999-2000) e ISF (2006-2013).
(4) Martinkus noted that during the 1999 INTERFET
operation in East Timor, he had enjoyed 'friendly first name relations ...
Denying the Existence of Armed Conflict: INTERFET
(85) A Transitional Judicial Service Commission, comprised of three Timorese and two international experts, was established, (86) but in order to search for qualified legal personnel with no access to a functioning broadcasting network, INTERFET
had to drop leaflets from planes, (87) Even still, after two months, more than sixty qualified Timorese lawyers had formally applied for positions, and the first eight judges and two prosecutors were appointed and sworn in on January 7, 2000.
In 1975, Indonesia occupied the territory of what is now Timor-Leste and remained in uninterrupted effective control until the arrival of the International Force in East Timor (INTERFET
) in 1999.
Security Council Resolution 1264 (1999), the Security Council authorized a multinational force under unified command--the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET
)--to restore peace and security to East Timor and authorized "all necessary measures" to fulfill the mandate.
For example, when creating the detention regime for the deployment of the International Force for East Timor ('INTERFET
's Detainee Ordinance, signed by the Commander of INTERFET
on 21 September 1999, created a normative framework for dealing with detainees by combining the law on military occupation, human rights law, Indonesian law and Australian domestic law.
mandate to restore order in East Timor after the Timorese vote for independence from Indonesia in September 1999, the Australian-led International Force East Timor (INTERFET
) deployed in just under one week to the region.
* The Interfet
web site, recording the activities of the international peace-keeping force in East Timor in 1999-2000, has disappeared from the Internet.