IOCUInternational Organization of Consumers Unions
IOCUInput/Output Control Unit
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established an international presence by joining the IOCU, now Consumers International.
In this compelling history, Matthew Hilton draws portraits of some of the most influential leaders of the consumer movement, like the icon Ralph Nader and Anwar Fazal, IOCU's President from 1978 to 1984, who contributed to the exposure of the problems of developing countries within the organization.
In the 1980s, IOCU began to enter more and more into network arrangements, working with new social movement organizations focusing on pesticide use, high prices of prescription medicines, and tobacco advertising, among others.
Foo Gaik Sim, IOCU on Record: A Documentary History of the International Organization of Consumers Unions, 1960-1990 (Yonkers, NY: Consumers Union, 1991), p.
The IOCU, which links the activities of 180 member organisations in 72 countries, already has a Regional Office for Asia & the Pacific based in Malaysia and one for Latin America & the Caribbean based in Chile, as well as its Regional Office for Europe & North America based in the Netherlands.
The opening of IOCU's Regional Office in Africa will help to strengthen and empower African consumers and will bring Africa firmly into the world family of consumer organisations."
8 In 1994, consumer organizations from around the world held their fourteenth World Congress in Montpellier, France as members of the International Organization of Consumers Unions (IOCU).
Hansen, Michael and Sarojini Regnam (1987), Violating the Pesticide Code: A Survey of Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand, Penang, Malaysia: IOCU and the Institute for Consumer Policy Research, Consumers Union.
Health Action International (1992), HAI News, Penang, Malaysia: IOCU and Health Action International Clearinghouse, 65: 3.
As a result of IOCU pressure, many governments are becoming more aware of the need to protect consumers from misleading or deceptive actions of businesses (Morello 1983).
Furthermore, it would seem prudent for consumer testing organizations, perhaps under the auspices of the International Organization of Consumer Unions (IOCU), to meet on a regular basis to discuss the problems of developing reliable dimensional criteria and test procedures for evaluating new products in the international marketplace.
This suggests an appropriate initiative for the IOCU to consider in order to ensure that high quality test data are made available to IOCU members, and through them, to millions of consumer-users around the world.