Generally, an IPMC has a sandwich-like structure, typically consisting of an ion exchange polymer or composite ion exchanger material membrane covered or coated by two layers of thin metal electrodes (e.g., Pt or Au) on both surfaces through the impregnation-reduction method and bends through the cathode directional transport of mobile cations and water as an inner solvent.
The most widely used polymeric material as the IPMC actuator is Nafion (Dupont), due to some advantages, such as excellent chemical stability, commercial availability, appropriate mechanical robustness, and high proton conductivity (PC).
Most of the current process automation and control platforms, globally known as Industrial Process Measurement and Control Systems (IPMCS), are built around traditional PLC architectures, which are generally oriented towards centralized applications, in which several nodes retrieve data from the plant and react to external events according to a main application running on a central controller.
Caption: Figure 1: Typical IPMCS hardware architecture for factory floor automation.
In section III, we will introduce the Ionic Polymer-Metal Composite (IPMC
) artificial muscle.
Moreover the research efforts have been spent in finding improved models able to predict the IPMCs
behavior both as actuators and sensors .
Then ihe following question arises; From the perspective of IPMCs
. is ihere a relation between ihe choice of additives and the properties of ihe casting membranes?
The first one, referred to as black box and behavioral model, provides a purely empirical model of IPMCs
obtained through a series of curve fits based on experimental data .
preparation includes the ionic polymer formation, initial compositing process, and surface electroding process.
Ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC
) actuators can be fabricated by plating metal particles on an ion-exchange polymer membrane.