It was only in combination with the highly public trial of The Pirate Bay in Sweden that the IPRED
could be stigmatized and transformed into something far more alarming than the simple disclosure of IP addresses.
"There are a lot of people who protested against ACTA who would be willing to protest against the EU's IPRED," Marietje Schaake, a Dutch member of the European Parliament said.
The European Commission admits it must learn from the backlash against ACTA before IPRED is published in September.
A recent survey by Sweden's national newspaper, SvD, revealed citizens in general oppose IPRED in large numbers.
According to Netnod, which measures web traffic between five Swedish cities and international networks, Internet usage was 30% lower on April 1 when IPRED became effective than it was on March 31.
The new law based on the European Union's Intellectual Property Rights Enforcement Directive (IPRED
) requires that Internet service providers turn over the IP addresses of file sharers to authorities in cases of suspected copyright infringement via a court order.
After Sweden ratified the Intellectual Property Rights Enforcement Directive (IPRED
) in 2009 (Burkart, 2014), The Pirate Bay launched a virtual private network service designed to encrypt its users' communications.