After providing informed consent, all recruits to both cohorts were interviewed individually and alone by trained health professionals who asked the questions from the IPSS
, and from the EI.
The annual Tana Forum emerged as an independent platform initiated by the IPSS
and eminent African personalities, including Meles Zenawi, the late Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
The severity of LUTS was assessed by the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS
), based on answers to seven questions regarding urinary symptoms and one question regarding quality of life.
Uluslararasi prostat semptom skoru (IPSS
) degerine gore 0-7 puan alanlar hafif, 8-19 puan alanlar orta grup ve 20-35 puan alanlar ciddi gruba dahile edildiler.
Results: The results demonstrated that the postoperative blood loss and duration of surgery of the patients in the PKRP group were significantly higher than those of the TUDP group (P<0.05); the IPSS
, QOL and PVR of the patients in the two groups after surgery were much lower than those before surgery (P<0.05); the IPSS
, QOL and PVR of the patients in the PKRP group were significantly lower than those in the TUDP group after surgery (P<0.05).
Patients were elected for surgery if they had urinary retention or a maximum flow rate ([Q.sub.max]) <12 mL/sec, PVR >150 mL, IPSS
>8 and IPSS-QoL score >3 despite medical therapy.
This questionnaire has been validated by numerous researchers in well-educated patients.5,6 IPSS
have been validated in different languages.7 English is not the national language in Pakistan and IPSS
should be in Urdu language for patients who are unable to read English.
Preoperatively, all patients, besides the detailed history and physical examination, completed the IPSS
questionnaire including the quality of life (QoL) domain and were evaluated with urine flow measurement, urethrogram (retrograde and during urination), and in some cases endoscopy and transabdominal ultrasound, in order to determine the nature and length of the stricture.
LUTS were evaluated using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS
It is recommended that the pathologist count 500 cells in the bone marrow to get an accurate "blast count." The blast count is part of that International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS
) for MDS.
Three patients included in this study were divided into three groups as mild, moderate, and severe on the basis of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS
) (Tables 2-5).
have been proposed to treat some diseases, their therapeutic effect has never been tested on CKD, thus its effect remains unknown.