The power transfer rate of an IPTM is subject to the relative positioning (i.e.
* It introduces a complete dynamic inductive charging system (IPTM design, IPTM control, positioning mechanism, energy management system)
The frequency shift control method  is adopted in the inverter allowing the control of the output parameters of the IPTM (voltage, current and power supplied to the battery) according to the air-gap and misalignment between the primary and the secondary coil.
In addition, in order to reduce the increased conduction losses due to the high frequency required for the operation of the IPTM, litz wires are used in the design.
In this respect and in order for the IPTM to transfer a power of 30 kW at a horizontal misalignment of [+ or -] 20 cm and an air-gap of 80[+ or -]10mm (Figure 5), the dimensions for the primary and secondary winding were defined as "700mm x 800mm x 90mm" and "700mm x 800mm x 60mm" respectively.
specifications of the developed IPTM are tabularised in Table 1.
The battery characteristics and limits of a Light Commercial Vehicle (LCV) in BEV configuration were considered, in order to implement and optimize the design of the IPTM.