Over time, as our federal clients began forming their own IRBs
to conduct internal reviews, or turned to us to request IRB
reviews, our assumptions began to change.
Behind Closed Doors: IRBs
and the Making of Ethical Research.
The use of IRBs
to govern oral history research, although heavily researched already, requires additional scrutiny and further commentary and should continue to be a topic of future research.
If undergraduate research truly is the pedagogy of the 21st century, more disciplines, departments, and researchers will find their research going before IRBs
. Understanding how IRBs
are implementing human subject research public policy is beneficial to researchers, institutions, and IRBs
Here we provide the recommendations as a framework and guidance for IRBs
engaged in the review of disaster research protocols.
The new policy sets "the expectation that multisite studies conducting the same protocol use a single IRB
to carry out the ethical review of the proposed research," NIH Director Francis S.
Part II presents current policies governing the structure and function of IRBs
and also describes potential policy revisions relevant to the function of IRBs
and other regulatory bodies are becoming more familiar with and supportive of CBPR, developing solutions to the aforementioned challenges that are both responsive to critics' concerns and sensitive to standard foci like safety, consent/assent, data ownership, and dissemination of findings (Flicker, Travers, Guta, McDonald, & Meagher, 2007; Shore, Drew, Brazauskas, & Seifer, 2011).
Emerson's concerns about IRBs
were echoed by the defence and aerospace firms his team heard from during the review process.
should be replaced with oversight bodies that are fully independent both financially and institutionally of the research they are overseeing.
As Stephanie Bangert suggests, "Libraries contribute to learning in many ways: by the intelligent collection and arrangement of resources, through the teaching of how knowledge is organized, and in the creation of environments which foster reading, inquiry, and critical thinking." (1) Institutional Review Boards (IRBs
) are also an integral part every institution where researchers conduct research using human participants.
Independent, central IRBs
also exist to serve those companies or investigators not affiliated with an academic or medical institution.