was described and deployed as a "protection" act; it organized the government as a protector of Canadians from the potential threats of immigrants and refugees.
We should note the SA system only applies to select immigration law proceedings, including certificates, the decisions of the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) made under Division 9 of the IRPA
, and judicial reviews of those decisions.
was amended again in 2010 and 2012 by the Balanced Refugee Reform Act, SC 2010, c 8 [BRRA] and the Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act, SC 2012, c 17 [PCISA] (Bill C-31), respectively.
The excessive demand standard of the IRPA
has been contested, interpreted, and expanded in court, though its expansion comes with important limits: a 2005 Supreme Court of Canada ruling over two 2005 related cases, Hilewitz v Canada and De Jong v Canada, set established important interpretative work around the clause.
and the IRPR set out the statutory framework for the detention of foreign nationals and permanent residents in Canada.
The highest and lowest prevalence rates of IRPA
were seen in Tehran (97.5%) and Hamedan (7.5%) provinces.
Yet, originally the definition of "age" in the Individual's Rights Protection Act, 1972, (IRPA
) was "between 18 and 65".
The Intensification of Priority Research Areas (IRPA
) program, which is included in the Eighth Malaysian Plan (8MP), had identified that the nanotechnology sector is considered as one of the 14 main research fields, and classified under "Strategic Research" (SR).
When the directors of each of the IRPA
areas began to meet regularly to discuss their portfolio of projects, they discovered that they were working with many of the same clients but were managing separate issues.
London, United Kingdom, November 16, 2016 --(PR.com)-- Softomotive, proud provider of innovative automation technologies, is very happy to be sponsoring this year's Automation Innovation New York conference, hosted by IRPA