(h) The IRPT
was the primary opposition during the 1992-1996 Tajikistan civil war.
Human rights groups have condemned Tajikistan's treatment of the IRPT
, which was branded a "terrorist organization" and banned in 2015 after the government accused it of plotting a failed coup.
Rahmon also banned the IRPT
itself in September, after a failed coup led by a rogue general, Abdukhalim Nazarzoda, who was killed along with three dozen of his supporters in clashes with government security officers that same month.
A third major change approved by the referendum was a ban on religious political parties, which will prevent the IRPT
from being reformed under a new guise.
If elections are held similar to the previous ones, it will mean that we are moving in opposite direction," said the IRPT
leader said in an interview to Tajik language service of RFE/RL on Tuesday.
However, human rights activist Oynihol Bobonazarova--nominated by the opposition Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT
) and supported by the opposition Social Democratic Party of Tajikistan (SDPT) and some other groups making up the Union of Reformist Forces of Tajikistan--proved unable to obtain the required 210,000 signatures.
renounced violence and promised to work within the system, and in return was allocated a 30 percent share in the government.
"The Islamic countries have stepped into a sensitive stage of their history in this period of time and if they do not use the existing conditions properly, dictators might be able to survive and continue their rule," Chairman of the Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan (IRPT
) Muhiddin Kabiri said in a ceremony in Istanbul on Wednesday.
Political parties and leaders: People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan or PDPT [Emomali RAHMON]; Islamic Revival Party or IRPT
[Muhiddin KABIRI]; Tajik Communist Party or CPT [Shodi SHABDOLOV]; Democratic Party or DPT [Maqsud Sobirov heads government-recognized faction; Mahmadruzi ISKANDAROV, currently serving 23-year prison term, is chairman of original DPT; Iskandarov's faction of DPT is headed by Rahmatullo VALIYEV]; National Social Democratic Party or NSDPT [Rahmatillo ZOYIROV]; Socialist Party of Tajikistan or SPT [Abduhalim GHAFFOROV; Murhuseyn NARZIEV heads the original SPT party that is currently unrecognized by the government]; Agrarian Party or APT [Amir QAROQULOV]; Party of Economic Reform or PERT [Olimjon BOBOYEV].
The Iranian regime has financially and politically supported the Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan (IRPT
)--in particular its two leaders, Said Abdulloh Nuri and Hoja Akbar Turadjonzoda--even while participating in the reconciliation process that led to the 1997 peace agreement.
The Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT
), which constituted the spearhead of the opposition during the 1992-1997 civil war, illustrates this.