In addition to the short-term problem of cancelled subscriptions is a longer term problem - namely, many of the people using ISDs
Of the 28 percent of consumers who purchased an ISD
, close to one in five (18 percent) stated that they cancelled all or some of their subscription to legal pay TV services.
The Philippines continues to be a haven for cybercriminals who illegally make content available online, especially with new technologies like ISDs
. It is a growing concern in Asia including Singapore and Thailand.
A study commissioned by the AVIA showed that 15 percent of Singaporean consumers use a TV box or ISD
for free streaming of hundreds of pirated television channels and video-on-demand content, while over 45 percent of consumers in Thailand are using these illegal TV boxes.
Nevertheless, in recent years, the legitimacy of the ISDS
has been subject to numerous criticisms.
"He took a more moderate position because Mexico wanted to preserve ISDS
, because it is very important for investment," said Jesus Seade, lead trade negotiator for Mexico President-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador.
In the ISDS
case by Elliott, the fund also used similar logic that the Moon government has acknowledged was used in the alleged intervention by the previous administration, thus the government is responsible for its claimed losses.
objections to IIAs, along with their trademark ISDS
The sale of ISDs
does great harm to the content creation and distribution industries in Asia, as well as the millions of people who work in the creative economy around the world.
allows multinational corporations to sue states in an international forum.
Some of the most expensive claims in the history of ISDS
include ECT cases such as Vattenfall's challenge to Germany over its exit from nuclear power (over $5.1 billion), and the largest ISDS
award ever, a $50 billion order against Russia in the Yukos cases.