19)Some Renaissance translators of Apuleius such as Matte0 Maria Boiardo (1518) and Georges de la Bouthiere (1553) were so offended by the Isiac
theophany of book eleven, that they eliminated it, but Beroaldo saw it as the heart of the novel: "The whole of Apuleius is, indeed, full of .
By revising Isiac
myth in context with Britomart's patriotic heritage, Spenser follows Plutarch in establishing a new--and English--hermeneutic with which his readers will interpret his poem.
In the pages that follow I suggest that we might see another specific hint of the Isiac
epiphany to come in Lucius' encounter with the shrine of the horse goddess Epona immediately following his transformation into an ass: (11)
Near the end of the novel following Lucius' retransformation back into human form but before his Isiac
initiation, Lucius has a dream in which the chief Isiac
priest appears telling him that he has some gifts for him including the return of a slave of his named Candidus.
73) Finkelpearl accepts the opposition to Lucius' philosophical progress when compared to the Platonic approach to Isiac
religion in Plutarch.
42) Secret worship services in the dark seem to have been part of the errores of which unbelievers are accused: the openness of the Isiac
worship will be a lesson to them.
Stoic or Cynic diatribes, in particular, are set out as parallels for Lucius' life story, especially since the Isiac
religion in Met.
The summit of Lucius' educational journey is the Gottesschau he experiences during his Isiac
initiation (11,23,7, quoted further below), where he is not only initiated into the mysteries of a religious cult, in the sense of an adolescent's rite of passage, but also depicts himself as acquiring knowledge and power, as the initiation allows him to attain a superior state of perception, which is only reserved to a privileged few.
then splits the 'religio-philosophical' reading into two, emphasizing a distinction between the bald Isiac
initiate and the bald wise man.
I also liked the idea behind the Appendix, suggesting an interesting metaphorical association in Book 11 between Lucius' Isiac
initiation after multifarious hardships and the launching of the ship at the Ploiaphesia festival, marking the beginning of spring.
A different kind of religious enigma in Apuleius comes from an episode which has received much attention in recent criticism because it relates to the meaning and tone of the Isiac
intervention in Book 11, an intervention which leads to Lucius' transformation back into a man and his devotion to the cult of Isis.
Winkler, Harrison), Finkelpearl points out that they base their most compelling arguments on what happens in the Epilogue, one year after the Isiac
portion of the book (1-26); the repeated 'ecce's in the Epilogue, Finkelpearl argues, indicate narrative trickery and literary evasiveness rather than a satire of gullibility and belief, and reflect deeper thematic patterns of continuity and rebirth in Apuleius' novel.