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ISTAGInformation Society Technologies Advisory Group
ISTAGInformation Society Technologies Advisory Group (European Commission)
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To elaborate on that point, in 2002, ISTAG introduced the notion of Ambient Intelligent Space, that is, the seamless connection and interoperability between different AmI environments such as home, work, school and car.
ISTAG has realised that all of this is not trivial, and certainly not only technical.
In 2003 ISTAG still believed that AmI could only be fully developed by a holistic approach encompassing technical, economic and social research.
In short, the ISTAG vision strongly emphasises the need for AmI to be driven by humanistic concerns, in contrast with the technologically deterministic tendency of mainstream vision building.
The design guidelines proposed by ISTAG (2001) in its scenario exercise are situated at the generic sociocultural, economic and political level.
In its latest reports, ISTAG (2003a, 2003b) also acknowledges this challenge and proposes the concept of EARCs as a possible way of addressing it.
This should 'allow people to live in their own future' and should bring AmI research closer to the needs of citizens and businesses (ISTAG, 2003a, p.
It provides multi-dimensional strategies for involving users in the design process by responding to the growing recognition that acceptance of ICTs is not only shaped by their technological possibilities or by their functionality, but also by the micro-social context of the household or of other social settings (ISTAG, 2003a, p.
home, work, airport, hospitals, etc.) (ISTAG, 2004,
ISTAG (2001) sees new skills arising in relation to social know-how and information manipulation.
However, without effective privacy protection measures, this brave new world of smart environments and interconnected objects could become an Orwellian nightmare (MATTERN, 2004; BOHN et al., 2003; ISTAG, 2001).
Experience and Application Research Centres (EARCs) are a new approach promoted by ISTAG to take into account functional, technical, social, economic and cultural requirements via prototyping.