Though legally classified as foreigners, the Joseonjok (ethnic Koreans in China) always had a privileged place in the ITTP because they would "pose less of a threat to South Korea's tight-knit, homogenous society" (Lim 2002, 19).
Whereas the ITTP was notorious for exploiting migrant workers without providing proper status under labor laws, the EPS was designed to provide equal treatment to workers regardless of their nationality.
This was a loophole designed to sidestep the South Korean ban against unskilled foreign workers, and in 1993, the government expanded the scale of the ITTP, administered by the Korea Federation of Small and Medium Business (Junggihyeop), to allow greater import of foreign "trainees.
In 1998, the government eased the exploitative aspects of ITTP by creating the Work-After-Training Program for foreigners, which allowed a change in visa status from trainees (D-3) to post-training workers (E-8).
provide flexibility for Departmental change and the platform for further enhancements in customer service ITTP
comprises various strands, one of which is IT Service Integration and Management (SIAM) which comprises of IT support, delivery and operations.
We've been aware of ITTP for a couple of years at least while frog juice we've known about for probably six months or so," says Morris.
Obviously it is compounded if it is performance-enhancing, which is potentially where the ITTP comes in," says Morris.
ITTP is the common name for Myo-Inositol TrisPyroPhosphate, which allows the haemoglobin in a horse's blood to release significantly more oxygen than normal into the body, thus enhancing performance.
ITTP came into prominence last month in South Africa when the country's National Horseracing Authority issued a warning.