Abbreviations TB: Tuberculosis BCG: Bacille Calmette-Guerin CT: Computed tomography HIV: Human immunodeficiency virus HCV: Hepatitis C virus HBV: Hepatitis B virus LTBI: Latent TB infection AFB: Acid Fast Bacillus BAL: Bronchoalveolar Lavage GMS: Grocott's Methenamine silver CD: Cluster differentiation PCR: Polymerase chain reaction PPD: Purified protein derivative INH: Isoniazid ALT: Alanine transaminase LFT: Liver Function Test W.H.O: World Health Organization IUATLD
: International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease.
Se definio como caso a los pacientes diagnosticados con TB MDR primaria -segun la definicion de la IUATLD
(4)que vivian en la region Callao y cuyo diagnostico habia sido refrendado por el CERI de la DIRESA Callao; ellos acudian a sus centros de salud de referencia a recibir tratamiento en el momento de la realizacion del estudio.
Task Force of the European Respiratory Society (ERS), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD
) Europe Region.
In November, the SATA CommHealth seals were awarded third prize in the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD
) Annual Christmas Seals Exhibit and Contest.
The respiratory questionnaires from The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (IUATLD
) 1984 and The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) 1998 were used (Burney et al., 1989, ISAAC, 1998; Jindal et al., 2000).
Validity and repeatability of the IUATLD
(1984) bronchial symptoms questionnaire: an international comparison.
and WHO recommendations for the management of TB in HIV-infected children are the same as for HIV-uninfected children, with standard 6-month short-course of rifampicinbased therapy.
(1.) The WHO / IUATLD
Global Project on Anti-tuberculosis Drug Resistance Surveillance.
Recommendations of a Working Group of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the European Region of the international Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD
) for uniform reporting by cohort analysis of treatment outcome in tuberculosis patients.
To identify and understand these barriers more completely, the Tobacco Section of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD
) conducted a worldwide survey in 1992 (Richmond, 1999).
A concentrated smear was prepared and examined using a fluorescent microscope and graded according to International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD
) guidelines (16).
ZN AR AF Specimen of Cases of AFB Positive Positive Positive Positive Smear Sputum 1949 650 315 611 650 (33.35%) (16.16%) (31.34%) (33.35%) Table 2: The grading for the Number of Observed bacilli was recorded according to the recommendations of the IUATLD
Sputum Paucibacillary Negative 1299 1-3 AFB/100 oil immersion field 49 4-9 AFB/100 oil Immersion field 140 Multibacillary +(10-99 AFB/100 oil Immersion field) 80 ++(1-10 AFB/oil Immersion field) 126 +++(> AFB/oil Immersion field) 255 Total 1949