IVAWSInternational Violence Against Women Survey
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The prevalence of intimate partner violence during pregnancy in IVAWS could not be calculated directly, as the surveys did not collect information on the number of ever-pregnant women in their samples.
Although the DHS and IVAWS are internationally comparable, in practice, there are slight methodological variations between the individual surveys, which may limit comparability.
Despite extensive interviewer training and efforts to ensure privacy for respondents in both IVAWS and DHS, women still may not have felt able to disclose experiences of violence during pregnancy; thus, the figures presented are likely to be underestimates.