Pathogenesis: Prematurity is the major factor with the associated complications of respiratory distress, associated pneumothorax, hyper- and hypotension, hypoxia and ischaemia and reperfusion injury contributing to the development of IVH
occurs in first two days virtually all by one week.
Subjects were parents of children aged 4 through 12 who completed the PS Inventory-Short Form (PSI-SF; Abidin, 1990, 1995) and other parent-report measures while their children were evaluated in an interdisciplinary clinic (DBC, LD/ADHD) or as part of their participation in a clinical research study (NTD, IVH
At 72 h, cerebral ultrasound was negative for cerebral bleeding in all but 6 group B infants (2 with middle cerebral artery infarction, 2 with IVH
, and 2 with IVH
and ventricular dilation).
There was one case of chronic lung disease in the GTN group, compared with seven in placebo; two cases of IVH
in the GTN group, compared with one in placebo; and no cases of NEC, PVL, or perinatal mortality in the GTN group, compared with two, two, and three cases, respectively, in the placebo group.
'It is relatively uncommon for a baby to get a bad case of IVH
and seven weeks is not particularly premature.'
usually begins in the fragile network of blood vessels which are vulnerable to being burst and causing bleeding.
in preterm infants results from the failure of this anomalous vasculature. Cases of IVH
are graded according to location and amount of bleeding.
Quality Index outcomes Assigned Standard Attribute Weight Weight Length of stay within age-specific length of stay .1 0.2 No occurrence of ROP, zone III or zone II, stage I or II 7.2 0.2028 Passed BAER 5.8 0.1634 No occurrence of IVH
, grade I or grade II 7.9 0.2225 No death after the first 24 hours 7.5 0.2113
[11,12] Improved survival of VLBW and ELBW infants has resulted in increased morbidity, including necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH
), periventricular leucomalacia (PVL), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and sepsis.
On bivariate analysis significant radiological predictors of in-hospital mortality were haematoma volume, midline shift, IVH
and hydrocephalus (Table 1).