PWCTs enter the historical stage in response to perceived pathologies inherent in the official system of IWCTs. Their mission is to ensure that everyone is treated equally in the eyes of the law, including its authors.
This debate finds resonance in controversies surrounding the building of an international legal system and in particular the mobilisation of IWCTs. The past century has witnessed sustained efforts to build an international legal system capable of prosecuting leaders who abuse their offices by committing high crimes such as crimes against peace and crimes of aggression, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide (Bassiouni, 2011; Crowe 2014; Smith, 2012).
In the shadow of official endeavours to mobilise IWCTs there have arisen dissident traditions motivated by many and complex political, economic, technical, ideological, and cultural grievances.