IYYInternational Youth Year
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The first UN IYY which was observed in 1985, under the theme "Youth in Participation, Youth in Development and Youth in Peace", set expectations for youth to collectively 'shape the future of humanity' (Jain 1986, 7).
The 1985 IYY initiated the advancement of a Youth In Development approach based on the premise that young people, representing a significant proportion of the global population, were being "systematically excluded" (Mike Males in Mokwena 2001, 16).
After the 1985 IYY call for "active participation [of youth] in the overall development of society" (Jain 1986, 7), the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) established youth participation as an international norm.