The problem, though, was that from around the mid-2000s onwards an increasing number of empirical studies from across Africa, many of them intentionally written 'against' the ICT4D
paradigm, began to demonstrate that mobile telephony was just as likely to reinforce existing social relations and structures as it was to produce radical change.
The paper outlines the role of four key stakeholder groups, who are active at the intersection of the sustainable agenda and the Fourth Industrial Revolution: those delivering the SDG targets, including the research communities who are members of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN); those who are involved in the implementation of the 4IR vision; those advancing ICT4D
; and those who control trade in digital technologies, such as the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The increased use of social media and digital technologies for violence reporting is part of a larger effort to harness new technologies for use in humanitarian aid and international development in what is sometimes called Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D
. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
With the uptake of mobile for developments (M4D's) and ICT4D
's, the dominance and prevalence of innovations, incubations of ideas in developing countries is on the upsurge.
2.0: The Next Phase of Applying ICT for International Development.
Since joining STOU, Kamolrat has been involved with studies and projects related to ICT4D
, empowering more than 350.000 disadvantaged groups in Thailand and the Asia-Pacific.
They integrate ideas from e-learning, e-business, and open innovation in discussion of information and communication technologies for development (ICT4D
A socio-technical contract: Network governance and ICT4D
The workshop was held under the ICT4D
UNESCO Chair Prof.
here, included four sessions on local content development,
The workshop, held with Professor Tim Unwin, UNESCO Chair in ICT4D
here, included four sessions on local content development, collaboration with international research partners, competition policy, and emerging business models.