One respondent suggested that women with disabilities would benefit from support services provided in shelters, such as counseling, job training, and independent living skills training
. It was suggested that ILC staff could collaborate with shelters in providing these services.
Many of the state agencies providing independent living services to older individuals who are blind have moved away from financing medical services to expanding the availability of low vision services and independent living skills training
. This model can be particularly effective in providing comprehensive independent having rehabilitation services in underserved regions of a state.
Independent living skills training
: A survey of current practices.
The Bridge Project originally provided independent living skills training
for young adults with physical disabilities during a 4-week summer residential program on the University of Vermont campus.
Specific suggestions can be made, such as providing transportation to training or work, providing social and independent living skills training
at home to facilitate the transition to work, or providing support by listening and problem solving as the individual moves into competitive job placement.
In addition, clients received independent living skills training
and supported assistance as well as job placement and support.
In a national survey of 170 agencies providing independent living skills training
programs, Iceman and Dunlap (1984) reported wide variations in the content and scope of programs, a lack of standardized assessment tools, and a lack of effective instructional materials.
The four basic services provided by all independent living centers are: 1) information and referral, which include files on accessible housing, people available to serve as personal assistants, interpreters and readers, accessible transportation, and employment opportunities; 2) peer counseling (Barker, Altman, & Youngdahl, 1987); (3) independent living skills training, which may include courses on using various transportation systems, developing a personal support network, and managing a personal budget; and 4) advocacy, which consists of obtaining necessary services from other agencies in the community and activities to eliminate barriers to independent living (Kailes, 1988).
Rural independent living centers compensated for inadequate personal assistance services and household support by providing attendant care referral in 75 percent of the centers, family counseling in 50 percent, and independent living skills training in 75 percent.
It offers at a minimum, information and referral, housing referral, consumer advocacy, community advocacy, peer counseling, attendant referral, and independent living skills training
, and delivers direct services to 43 persons per month, with an additional 50 receiving only information and referral.
Other services that are either provided or coordinated by independent living programs include transportation provision or registry, peer counseling, advocacy or political action, independent living skills training, equipment maintenance and repair, and social-recreational services.
The minimum set of services that are provided by an independent living center are information and referral, independent living skills training, advocacy, and peer counseling (Frieden, Richards, Cole, & Bailey, 1979, p.