(redirected from Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation)
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References in periodicals archive ?
The embarrassing discrepancies, said Team Santer, are "due to the combined effects of multiple factors: the anomalous warmth at the beginning of the last 20 years (arising from a large El Nino event in 1997/98), the shift from a warm phase to a cold phase of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation in the late 1990s, changes in other modes of internal variability, a succession of moderate volcanic eruptions in the early 21st century, a long and low minimum in solar output during the last solar cycle, and an increase in anthropogenic sulphate pollution."
They compared results from their artificial neural networks (ANNs) analysis of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation index against governmentbased seasonal rainfallforecasting programmes.
The Sahel drought may be considered as part of a global tendency for monsoons to weaken in the second half of the 20th century, and the driving sea surface temperature (SST) pattern has contributions from the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO), Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) and also from global warming (Zhou et al.
Xie, 2016a: Contribution of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation to twentieth-century global surface temperature trends.
Teng, 2016b: Initialized decadal prediction for transition to positive phase of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation. Nat.
We also quantified the role of the dominant internally varying climate modes--noting that these two MHW events co-occurred with the 2015/16 El Nino, the negative phase of the Indian Ocean dipole (IOD) in 2016, and a strongly positive interdecadal Pacific oscillation (IPO) since 2014.
S23.3) or Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO; Power et al.
Mullan, 2002: Relative influences of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation and ENSO on the South Pacific Convergence Zone.
--, and-, 2012: Relating the strength of the tropospheric biennial oscillation (TBO) to the phase of the interdecadal Pacific oscillation (IPO).
Some argue that the broad "ENSO like" pattern of Pacific decadal variability (PDV) related to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) or Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) is simply a residual pattern that results from the spatial asymmetries of ENSO and skewness in ENSO statistics.
--, and--, 2012: Relating the strength of the tropospheric biennial oscillation (TBO) to the phase of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO).