Internal-external control and changes in expected utility as predictors of the change in cigarette smoking following role playing.
Attitude change as a function of internal-external control and communicator status.
Activism and powerful others: Distinctions within the concept of internal-external control
. Journal of Personality Assessment, 38 (4), 377-383.
The topic of internal-external control expectancies has been the focus of a recent integrative APA Presidential address (Strickland, 1989).
The test, called the Internal-External Control scale (I-E scale), has a forced-choice format with an internal belief pitted against an external belief.
Internal-external control, phobic disorders, and anxiety disorders.
Internal-external control of reinforcement, time perspective, adjustment, and anxiety.
as a contributor to and outcome of work experience.
expectancies: From contingency to creativity.
as a situational variable in determining information-seeking by Negro students.
(1972) Internal-external control
and attribution of responsibility for success or failure.
Maternal and childhood behaviors as antecedents of internal-external control
perceptions in young adulthood.