(5.) Special Committee for the International Geophysical Year
of the Upper Atmosphere Rocket Research Panel, Proposes Rocket Launching Site at Fort Churchill, Washington, D.C., 21 Dec.
Halley (which used to be called Halley Bay) was set up for the International Geophysical year
at the end of the 1950s, and has been running ever since.
and 66 other nations, working with their governments, organized the highly successful International Geophysical Year
. They established a worldwide network of 2,500 observatories staffed by 10,000 scientists for synoptic observations and coordinated exploratory and research expeditions.
The International Geophysical Year
, which began in July 1957, facilitated considerable international co-operation, among erstwhile Cold War political enemies, in Antarctica.
It began under the banner of the International Geophysical Year
(1957-1958) with the scientific support of Henry Stommel of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and William Sutcliffe, director of the Bermuda Biological Station (BBS).
Operation "Hazen" was one of Canada's contributions to the International Geophysical Year
. The summer program in both years involved a glaciological and geophysical study of the Gilman Glacier, north of Lake Hazen.
In characteristic IAA fashion, the papers presented are organized according to a theme (in this case, the 50th Anniversary of the International Geophysical Year
): memoir pieces, reviews of specific programs, and the history of astronautics in the host nation (the UK).
Deep freeze; the United States, the International Geophysical Year
, and the origins of Antarctica's age of science.
Russian scientists first identified the Gamburtsevs in 1958 as part of a survey during the International Geophysical Year
, and geologists have been puzzled ever since about how the range came to be.
Its timing was perfect, happening during the International Geophysical Year
As early as 1955, the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), as part of its contribution to the International Geophysical Year
of 1957-1 958, had organized project Moonwatch, a program coordinating amateur astronomers around the world into teams for visual satellite tracking.