Doppler ultrasound of the uteroplacental circulation as a screening test for severe preeclampsia with intra-uterine growth
Singleton pregnancy between 30 and 32 weeks of gestation, voluntary participation in the study, pregnancy with high risk factors which included history of gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia or eclampsia, intra-uterine growth
restriction, anaemia (Hb<10.5 gms/dl), diabetes mellitus, maternal age >35 years, bad obstetric history were the inclusion criteria considered for the study.
'It can also cause intra-uterine growth
retardation (IUGR) and congenital anomalies.
During pregnancy it could cause the loss of pregnancy, intra-uterine growth
retardation, intrauterine death, miss carriage and deaf and dumbness of off springs and the most simple and scientific method of avoiding such situation was using iodine salt at mass scale, she suggested.
Supporting these findings previous literature suggests that hypertension during pregnancy especially preeclampsia is predictive of various adverse outcomes of pregnancy including intra-uterine growth
retardation, intra-uterine fetal demise, stillbirths and maternal mortality.30 Moreover, results from a cohort study indicated higher incidence of spontaneous abortions among patients with insulin resistance.31
Sahib Jan Bader informed that infants and newborn babies die in Pakistan mainly due to birth asphyxia, intra-uterine growth
retardation, acute respiratory infections and diarrhea.
A 24-year-old, primigravida woman was referred at 28 weeks gestational age for Doppler studies to rule out intra-uterine growth
Those with skeletal deformity intra-uterine growth
restriction (IUGR) previous uterine surgery and those with foetal distress in labour were excluded.
Prematurity plays the greatest role in low birth weight, but intra-uterine growth
retardation (inadequate growth of the fetus during pregnancy) is also a factor.
[1,2] Birth weight, occipitofrontal circumference (OFC) and body length of newborn babies are important indicators for evaluating intra-uterine growth
. Birth weight may be classified as low (< 2 500 g), normal (2 500-3 999 g), or high ([greater than or equal to] 4 000 g).
It has been hypothesised that thrombophilic disorders cause thrombosis of the utero-placental vasculature (spiral arteries and intervillous space) due to an increased haemostatic response.'131 The subsequent impaired placental perfusion may lead to recurrent pregnancy loss, fetal death, pre-eclampsia, intra-uterine growth
retardation and abruptio placentae.
Malaria in pregnancy is a potent cause of fetal malnutrition and intra-uterine growth
retardation in Africa.