(30) In addition to the commander's intent, the desired military end states are also included in the JAOP, along with other documents such as the AOD.
However, it may seem redundant to develop, present, and repeat the JFC's and JFACC's mission statement, commander's intent, and end states throughout numerous documents (campaign plan, JFC estimate, JFACC staff estimate, JAOP, AOD, area air defense plan, airspace control plan, and JFACC's daily guidance).
However, due to lower numbers and their unique abilities to carry certain weapons more suited to AI or strategic attack target sets, they may be better allocated to other parts of the JAOP. Some F-16s have IAMs and LGB capability but may lack range and/or loiter time for AORs with basing rights issues, and none have the payload of either F-15Es or A-10s.
(59) During a recent syllabus exercise in creating a JAOP, a facilitator and instructor at the Air Force's AOC replacement training unit embraced the idea of taking away majors' weapons school patches and reissuing them only when the wearer demonstrated knowledge in planning air operations.
The Solution: Embed ISR Effects into JAOP Strategy-to-Task Methodology
Within the JFC's authority, theater airborne ISR assets fall under the JAOP process, and so Air Force planners are used to counting the U-2, RC-135, Predator, Global Hawk, and others among the assets they manage from the AOC perspective.
The JAOP, developed in concert with the JFC and all other components, serves as a supporting plan to the JFC's OPLAN.
Oftentimes people fail to understand the fact that plans, the JAOP, the AOD, and the ATO change frequently during execution.
Several source documents should supplement the JAOP. These include the area air defense plan, covering actions under the AADC authorities and the ACA airspace control plan.
Developed by subordinate units identified to support operations, base support plans are important to the JAOP. (37) These documents "support combatant command wartime operation planning, as well as [major command] supporting plans.
These would include a JFACC, who is responsible to the JTFC for developing and executing the JAOP to best support the JTFC's overall campaign plan.
To achieve its mission, the UK JFACHQ structure was intended to provide the JFACC with an HQ that could plan air operations from the provision of input to the national military-strategic and operational-level planning processes; the joint air estimate process, through to JAOP development; and, once in-theatre, the development of air operations directives, air tasking orders, and airspace control orders through execution and both combat and operational assessment.