, Decade of War, Volume I; Joint and Coalition Operational Analysis, Transition to Sovereignty, Joint Lessons Learned for Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, April 2007.
To its credit, the JCOA study highlights the manifold failures of US defense leaders, both military and civilian, to have adapted quickly and effectively to the new COIN reality.
However, the JCOA recommendations amount to little more than a "how-to" manual for enabling the US services to cope more effectively in future COIN engagements at a time when any such engagements will, in all likelihood, represent only one of many types of challenges they will face across the conflict spectrum in years to come.
The discussion that follows reaches substantially beyond the JCOA study's assigned charter by taking a more expansive and higher-level view of the core strategic teachings of the main conflicts that have occurred worldwide throughout the post--Cold War era, starting with the first Persian Gulf War of 1991.
(7.) Joint and Coalition Operational Analysis, Libya: Operation Odyssey Dawn (OOD): Executive Summary (Suffolk, VA: JCOA
, 21 September 2011), 4.
While JCOA continued to perform well supporting the commander's program aspect of the JLLP, the Joint Staff J7 lessons learned element worked largely behind the scenes in 2005-2006 to lay the groundwork for a new Web-based, universally accessible automated support tool for sharing of lessons, the Joint Lessons Learned Information System (JLLIS).
In April 2007, the Joint Staff J7, Marine Corps Center for Lessons Learned, and JCOA signed a memorandum of agreement that codified responsibilities for establishing JLLIS, with MCLL providing the baseline system, JCOA providing help with integration, and J7 providing system requirements and executive sponsorship.
JCOA had been providing one of those necessary functions.
According to the Joint and Coalition Operational Analysis (JCOA) report titled Operationalizing Counter/ Anti-Corruption Study, "Corruption alienates key elements of the population, discredits the government and security forces, undermines international support, subverts state functions and rule of law, robs the state of revenue, and creates barriers to economic growth." (1) Corruption, in other words, undermines the very essence of those attributes required to establish and maintain a legitimate government.
According to the JCOA report, the "private security companies ...
According to the JCOA report, "An economy can only absorb a certain amount of inputs until it becomes saturated.
Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM) by the Joint Center for Operational Analysis (JCOA
) in 2005-2006, the focus is on response timeframes and activities instead of longer-term recovery and restoration.