Using both the BSRI and the Supervision Component of the JDI, Maupin (1989) examined whether managers in California and Hawaii who are perceived by their subordinates to be effective supervisors possess sex-role characteristics that differentiate them from managers who are perceived to be unsatisfactory supervisors.
The Job Descriptive Index (JDI) was the instrument utilized to measure the job satisfaction of accounting academicians within five key areas: the general nature of work, supervision, co-workers, promotion, and pay.
In addition to being stratified by gender and academic rank, the responses to the JDI were also stratified by sex-role orientation.
Tables 5-9 present the respondents' mean JDI scores in each of the five satisfactions dimensions (work, supervision, co-workers, promotion, pay) stratified by gender, sex-role orientation, and academic rank.
Overall, the males and female accounting academicians in this study are satisfied with the nature of their work as indicated by the mean JDI scores presented in Table 5 (female mean 41.24, male mean 38.52; both over the balanced score of 27).
For masculine and undifferentiated females, the mean JDI score decreased as academic rank increased (masculine: 47.5, 45.69, 42.0; undifferentiated: 37.2, 36.6, 36.0).
For the female accounting academicians, masculine and androgynous full professors together with androgynous assistant professors reported an extremely high level of satisfaction with their supervision (all had a mean JDI index of 51.0).
For the females in the study, masculine full professors had the highest level of peer satisfaction (42.0) while feminine assistant professors actually reported a slight dissatisfaction with co-workers, reporting the lowest JDI mean of 25.2.
A review of Table 8 indicates, that, generally speaking, all accounting academicians reported dissatisfaction with promotional possibilities with males in general having lower JDI scores (females 21.76, males 19.68).
Female feminine associate professors reported a slight level of satisfaction (28.5) with promotion, the highest mean JDI of all of the gender-rank-sex-role groups.
Surprisingly, accounting academicians reported being somewhat satisfied with their pay as evidenced by mean JDI scores of 30.12 for males and 31.53 for females as presented in Table 9.
However, the largest decrease occurred in the satisfaction index of feminine females which fell from 39.6 to 19.5, from fairly satisfied to fairly dissatisfied; a trend which continued at the full professor level with feminine females reporting a mean JDI of 8.00, extreme dissatisfaction.