JPAT version 2.1 is a questionnaire consisting of 38 assessment items in six sections: physical stability, nutritional status, and communication ability, ability to maintain self-care, psychological suitability and social support (Chow & Bennett, 2001).
Using the JPAT, the nurse interviews the patient prior to initiating any form of treatment.
The JPAT is scored according to numbers ranging from zero to five that are placed beside each question.
The JPAT was used to obtain measures of hemodialysis patients' suitability for HHD.
However, only eight participants were suitable for HHD therapy, as indicated by their scores on the JPAT. Therefore, these results indicate a limitation to the TPB, noting that although patients have positive perceptions regarding a behaviour (selfcare), there are variables that may impede their ability to partake in the behaviour.
The relationship between hemodialysis patient perceptions of HHD, as measured by the Patient Perception Survey, and self-care ability, as measured by the JPAT, was determined using Kendall's Tau-C.
An invitation package consisting of a Participant Information Sheet and a copy of the JPAT tool was then distributed to each identified staff.
The first section sought the participants' opinions on the relevance of 26 individual questions belonging to the JPAT's five subscales (nutritional status, communication ability, self-care maintenance ability, social support, and psychological suitability) using a five-point Likert scale (strongly disagree, disagree, undecided, agree, and strongly agree).
Nine (33%) respondents indicated having used the JPAT tool.
Overall 80% of the participants agreed that the JPAT items were relevant, ranging from 68% (communication), 73% (nutritional status), 81% (ability to maintain care), 85% (psychological) to 92% (social support).
Overall, the JPAT was perceived as a useful and comprehensive tool (70%), which is easy to use (83%) and well-structured (92%) (Table 2).