JPOAJohannesburg Plan of Action
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JPOA, or Joint Plan of Action, refers to an interim nuclear pact.
The JPOA is intended to set out the first steps of a long-term agreement between the P5+1, EU members and Iran.
Even if Iran wished to keep the JPOA afloat, it is inconceivable that Iran would accept renewed U.
Obsession with sanctions has not only obstructed a comprehensive long-term agreement, but also prevented the West from regaining the confidence of the Iranian people even after the adoption of JPOA.
The JPOA provides the framework for the eventual lifting of all UN, US and EU sanctions aimed at preventing Iran's development of nuclear weapons.
Congress appears to believe that the threat of renewed sanctions is necessary to motivate the Iranian regime to agree to a final accord, just as sanctions played a role in persuading Iran to sign the JPOA, as even President Obama acknowledges.
Kerry was thus emphasizing what it views as the central fact of the negotiations:The United States can hold on to the gains from the JPOA while at the same time maintaining its bargaining leverage over Iran.
Although we do not support the imposition of any new nuclear-related sanctions while negotiations are ongoing, throughout the JPOA period we have made clear, by word and deed, that we will continue to enforce our existing sanctions.
Tehran's acceptance of a broad freeze on its nuclear activities, as codified in the JPOA, in exchange for relatively limited sanctions relief, seemed to signal a readiness on the part of its leadership to put a long-awaited end to the crisis.
As a result Executive Director of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies Mark Dubowitz highlighted to Congress that, "The administration seriously underestimated the value of sanctions relief under the JPOA.
The major commitment Iran made in the JPOA was to get rid of all of its uranium enriched above 5 percent to as high as 20 percent.