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The LinkedIn enterprise search group member added (LinkedIn enterprise search group, linkd.in/lgfz Jry; login and group registration required to view the source): "I'd agree that ROI is hard to document for the generic search concept but search is so much more than that today.
But, at the same time, the responsibility for two centrally sponsored poverty alleviation schemes, the Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY), remained vested in the District Rural Development Agency (DRDA), which functions independently of the Zilla Parishad.
Within agriculture, maintenance of agricultural seed farms was assigned in the state Act to both the zilla Panchayat and taluk Panchayat, but is in fact handled by the former; within animal husbandry, improvement of livestock, promotion of dairy farming, poultry and piggery were assigned to the gram Panchayat, but are in fact dealt with by the zilla and taluk Panchayats; promotion of rural industries is assigned to all levels of the Panchayats, but is in fact handled only by the zilla Panchayat; and, finally, while the imp lementation of the JRY is in accord with the provision of the Act that it be handled by the gram Panchayat, the responsibility for land reforms remains to be transferred.
No te first that, since the Gram Panchayat is cast in a supporting role to the DRDA in implementing the JRY, it is unlikely that community needs would be accorded due importance (as the DRDA is not accountable to the community in the way gram Panchayats are).
As state governments contribute large shares of outlays to poverty alleviation programs (varying from 20 to 50 percent of the total) and variations in political regime are also more pronounced at that level, it is worthwhile to analyze state outlays on two programs: the Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP) and the Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY).(36) Changes in net state domestic product (NSDP) and IRDP outlays (IRDP) diverge over the period 1992 to 1995.(37) In a few cases (e.g.
A major concern is the implementation of two anti-poverty programs for which the Village Panchayats are responsible: the Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) and the Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP).(79) Drawing largely upon the fieldwork carried out by researchers at the National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD), in Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka, as well as from our own survey in selected villages of Uttar Pradesh (UP), some useful insights are obtained.(80) Briefly, far from empowering the poor, the Panchayats have not even smoothed their formal participation.(81)
A sharp-eyed reader sent along a note that says the legendary Morse code on the left field scoreboard at Fenway does not spell out "JRY" for the initials of Jean Yawkey, who owned the team after her husband, Tom, died.
Protective discriminatory measures such as reservation in jobs and quotas in various rural development programmes such as IRDP, JRY, etc.
These two programmes were later merged in 1989 into more well known Jawahar Rozgar Yojana or JRY. The JRY was supposed to produce employment for the unemployed and the underemployed and to improve the village infrastructure and assets.
The JRY was revised and re-launched in April 1999 and was named as Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana or JGSY.
In the year 1989-90, Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) was introduced after the merger of National Rural Employment Programme and Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme.
The programmes selected are: Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)/Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna (SGSY); Jawahar Rozgar Yojna (JRY)/Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS)/Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna (SGRY) and National Food for Work (NFFW); Indira Awas Yojna (IAY); National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP), especially pensions; Drough Prone Area Programme (DPAP), Desert Prone Programme (DPP) and Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP); Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS)/Antyodya; and two major tribal welfare schemes--Special Central Assistance (SCA) to Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) and Grants under 275 (1).
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