The JSPE (Hojat et al., 2001) is a 20-item, self-reporting, 7-point Likert scale.
The JSPE was developed without a conceptualized theoretical background, nor did it have satisfactory construct validity.
In comparison with the HES ([alpha] = .61), the QMEE ([alpha] = .84), and the JSPE ([alpha] = .87), the ES-PC scale has higher internal reliability ([alpha] = .94-.95).
JS Private Equity ("JSPE
") was founded in 2005 to invest in high-growth Pakistani businesses.
(22) The minimum possible score on the JSPE is 20 and the maximum possible score is 140.
Second, although the JSPE was reported to be well correlated with observer ratings, (21) there is a possibility that self-reports may be subjected to unwitting biases and discrepancies between self-reflection and actual behaviour may exist.
A 5-day communication skills workshop offered to medical students and medical residents in Spain significantly increased scores of participants' empathy (measured by the JSPE) compared to a non-participant control group (Fernandez-Olano, Montoya-Fernandez, & Salinas-Sanches, 2008).
In a study of family medicine residents in the United States, no significant difference on the scores of the JSPE was observed between those who participated in a Balint training program and those who did not (Cataldo, et al., 2005).
Relationships between scores of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI).
The JSPE has been translated into 39 languages, and studies have confirmed its validity in Mexico, Korea, Iran, and the United Kingdom.1,8,13 According to factor loadings, R2, and goodness-of-fit statistics, a three-factor structure was confirmed for the student version of the JSPE.
showed spesific uses of the JSPE for pharmacy students in the assessment of educational outcomes of different pharmacy programs to enhance student empathy, in research on correlates of empathy in pharmacy education and practice, and in group comparisons within the pharmaceutical discipline as well as between pharmacy and other health disciplines.14 To examine the self-reported empathy levels of those in our study population, we administered the Turkish version of the JSPE for medical students adapted from Hojat et al.1 which had been reworded so as to apply specifically to physiotherapy students.
Gushimata, Preprints of Yamanashi Symposium (JSME, JSPE
), 57 (1993).