brands consists of Winston, Camel and Mevius, among others.
Bio-based industries (BBI): the aim of this JTI
is to use renewable natural resources and innovative technologies for greener everyday products.
Four such JTIs
have already been proposed by the European Commission:
heads of state and government had to invoke Article 171 of the EC Treaty for the first time to allow the pooling of E.U., private and national research investments in the form of JTIs
It is necessary to enhance the research [programme] in favour of SMEs and better integrate SMEs into Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs
There should be greater use of common rules and procedures between programmes and instruments, such as the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP), Structural Funds and Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs
Included therein are the joint technology initiatives (JTIs
), partnerships similar to the ETPs but more formal, larger and focused more on fundamental research, thus involving greater financial risk.
The Council already gave the green light to four JTIs
last November, and last week saw the operational launch of the first two.
The flagship programme in this field was the creation of joint technology initiatives (JTIs
), in May 2007, the kind of PPP that can be considered to be the most accomplished at European level.
Joint technology Initiatives (JTIs
) are public private partnerships under the Seventh Research Framework Programme.
From 2008, the European Industrial Initiatives (EIIs) will be a sort of poor and pale cousin of the Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs
The Commission's idea is to clarify legal rules for existing EU-level PPPs (the joint technology initiatives, JTIs
) and to simplify how national PPPs can obtain EU aid.