In March 1994, at COP2, a tense and political contest between JUSCANZ and the G-77 with the EU countries resulted in Decision II/12.79 This decision explicitly prohibited export of all hazardous wastes from OECD to non-OECD countries including exports for recycling ore recovery operations as of January 1, 1998.
Decision II/12, however, gave rise to further questions, particularly involving its legal status and enforceability paving the way for another showdown between JUSCANZ and the G-77 and EU in COP3.
The contest between JUSCANZ and G-77 and the EU was coming to a head.
Cette faiblesse dolt etre en partie attribuee a la solidarite de l'Union Europeenne, le Japon, les Etats-Unis, le Canada, l'Australie et la Nouvelle Zelande (JUSCANZ
), qui privilegie l'Investissement Etranger et le Commerce Direct lie a un environnement favorable et a la bonne gouvernance.
They said JUSCANZ
, which groups Japan, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, is fighting for the interests of multinational corporations instead of the general public.
Working through the JUSCANZ delegates, the industry advocated keeping "elimination" out of this specific section of the treaty.
Throughout the negotiations, the European Union supported the inclusion of a precautionary approach to evaluating new chemicals, while the JUSCANZ (and the chemical industry) vigorously resisted, insisting that this approach was "unscientific."
To work on these documents the governments met in regional groups namely the European Union, G 77 and China (mainly governments from Africa and Latin America), JUSCANZ
(Canada, US, Australia, Japan) and the Holy See (Vatican).
Juscanz, an acronym for Canada, United States, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand, had lost Australia.
The European Union, a group of 18 countries, remained a very vocal and powerful proponent of radical feminist views, supporting Juscanz, with its chairwoman in the person of the Canadian delegate -- always a very aggressive radical feminist.
In 2007, the United States served as the Japan/United States/Canada/Australia/New Zealand (JUSCANZ
) group representative on the Convention's governing Bureau, as well as actively participated in all eight of the Conference of the Parties meetings and played a prominent role in the other subsidiary body, the Committee on Science and Technology (CST).
Actors such as the JUSCANZ
(Japan, USA, Canada and New Zealand), the EU (European union), SADC, SLAC (Some Latin American Countries and the CAROM took the floor frequently.