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Hypothesis 1: Organizational climate dissimilarity between the Russian parent and the JV organization (JVO) is negatively related to IJV performance.
Hypothesis 2: Organizational climate dissimilarity between the foreign parent and the JVO is negatively related to IJV performance.
Thus, controls were built in for JVO organizational climate type (different from organizational climate similarity) and parent firm resource contribution.
Control refers to the extent to which parents ensure that the JVO performs according to their wishes.
We ended up with responses from all three parties making up an RIJV (the Russian parent, the foreign parent, and the JVO) for 24 RIJVs.
In addition, the IJVGM was asked to identify a second manager in the JVO (in addition to the IJVGM), two managers in the Russian parent, and two managers in the foreign parent who was most appropriate to complete the questionnaire.
The extent of control, JV organizational climate type, parent firm commitment, and parent firm national culture similarity are suggested to affect IJV performance, and thus controls must be built in when investigating how organizational climate similarity between parent firms and the JVO affects IJV performance.
Two independent variables are significant in the full model -- dissimilarity in resource contributions made by the parent firms and dissimilarity in the organizational climates of the JVO and the foreign parent.
It is also interesting to look at how dissimilar the various dimensions of organizational climate are between the JVO and Russian parent, JVO and foreign parent, and Russian parent and foreign parent.
The hierarchical nonparametric regression results shown in Table 3 indicate that it is most important for the JVO to focus its efforts on creating an organizational climate similar to that of its foreign parent (Hypothesis 2).
However, the foreign parent's contributions can only be used to their maximum pot ential if the JVO's organizational climate is similar to that of the foreign parent, since the foreign parent's strategies and operational suggestions are based on an organization having an organizational climate similar to its own.
Since the Russian parent and the JVO are located very close to each other geographically (in our sample they are always located in the same town, and often even in the same block), the Russian parent is better able to gain a deeper understanding of the JVO, even if it has a different organizational climate.
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