Many disciplines consider the job characteristics model
when examining specific work situations.
A review of research on the Job Characteristics Model
and the attendant job diagnostic survey.
Recent studies of the Job Characteristics Model
(JCM) have tended to focus on two general questions: (1) does the model apply to non-manufacturing jobs (e.g., service, sales, health care)?
Khosravi (2011), "Applying the Job Characteristics Model
to the College Education Experience," Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning 11(4): 56-68.
Turner and Lawrence model scales reviewed and revised by Hackman and Oldham (1974) and some aspects were eliminated due to the lack of relation to the concept of jobs, and accordingly, a job characteristics model
is suggested to study, analyze and design jobs.
The article first discusses the theoretical framework, the main concepts of the job characteristics model
. Next are presented the operational procedures of research, with details of the operations for the development of the proposed device and, after that, analysis and discussion of collected data.
However, the most influential one was The Job Characteristics Model
(JCM) introduced by Hackman and Oldham (1976).
Research on the job characteristics model
indicates that enriched work is linked to greater job motivation and satisfaction.
The Importance of the Critical Psychological States in the Job Characteristics Model
: A Meta-Analytic and Structural Equation Modeling Examination.
A confirmatory structural equations analysis of the job characteristics model
. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 39, 242-263.
In an effort to improve worker motivation and productivity as a result of the quality of the work experience, Hackman and Oldham (1976) proposed the Job Characteristics Model
that outlined the relationship between job characteristics (skill variety, task identity, task significance, task autonomy, task feedback) and three critical psychological states of employees: experienced meaningfulness of the work, experienced responsibility for the outcomes of the work, and knowledge of the actual results of the work.