KALOFKeep a Look Out For (law enforcement alert; Australia)
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References in periodicals archive ?
(18) Linda Kalof, Looking at Animals in Human History (London: Reaktion, 2007), p.
The many models created for predicting pro-environmental behaviour are based on numerous variables: knowledge, attitude, and values (Stern, 2000; Stern et al., 1999; Stern, Dietz, Abel, & Kalof, 1993); normative beliefs (how others view the behaviour); evaluative beliefs (behavioural consequences; Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980); locus of control (Hines, Hungerford, & Tomera, 1986/87; Hungerford & Volk, 1990), sense of responsibility or obligation (Blake, 1999; Stern, 2000; Stern et al., 1999); and social and moral norms (Bamberg & Moser, 2007).
His norm-activation theory (Schwartz, 1977) explains altruistically motivated helping behaviour and has been extensively applied to explain and foster pro-environmental engagement (Heberlein, 1977; Milfont, Sibley, & Duckitt, 2010; Schultz et al., 2005; Van Liere & Dunlap, 1978), even leading to the development of a specific theoretical framework to explain environmentalism (Stern, Dietz, Abel, Guagnano, & Kalof, 1999).
In his 1980 essay published in About Looking (1980) and reproduced in Kalof and Fitzgerald (2007), Berger laments mankind's loss of a sacred metaphoric connection to the animals:
(8.) See, for example, Garry Marvin and Susan McHugh (eds) Routledge Handbook of Human-Animal Studies (London: Routledge, 2014); Linda Kalof and Amy Fitzgeralde (eds) The Animals Reader: The Essential Classic and Contemporary Writings (Oxford: Berg, 2007); Clifton P.
Several studies by Stern [35]and Stern, Dietz, Kalof and Guangnano, [18] argued that there is a weak correspondence between attitude and environmental behaviour because there is a causal chain leading from general values to specific behaviours.
Thus, women often express stronger concern about the environment than men (Bord and O'Connor 1997; Kemmelmeier, Krol, and Kim 2002; Stern, Dietz, and Kalof 1993; Zelezny, Chua, and Aldrich 2000).
Research suggesting more altruistic behavior among females than males (Dietz, Kalof, & Stern, 2002), and more environmentally oriented attitudes among females than males (Dietz et al., 2002; Zelezny, Chua, & Aldrich, 2000), suggests subjective norms, altruism, and environmental attitudes may interact in their contributions to the gender gap in VCO purchases identified in this study.