KCFSKansas Citizens for Science (advocacy)
KCFSKilo Cubic Feet Per Second (rate of river water flow)
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KCFS noted that creationists took credit for the new Kansas policy on their website, writing that their "citizens drafting committee had an unprecedented opportunity to assist members of the Kansas School Board in the development of new Science Curriculum Standards....
KCFS members Jack Krebs and Steve Case presented their evidence to the board at a December meeting.
The individual, the joint-unrestricted, and the joint-restricted models were estimated for each of the six possible Grand Canyon White Water Boating Survey valuation comparisons (5 vs 13 kcfs, 5 vs 22 kcfs, 5 vs 40 kcfs, 13 vs 22 kcfs, 13 vs 40 kcfs, and 22 vs 40 kcfs).(7) In two comparisons (5 vs 13 kcfs and 5 vs 22 kcfs) the hypothesis of no correlation across equations could not be rejected, and the two valuation response functions are statistically independent.
The joint hypotheses that all coefficients were equal could not be rejected at the 1 percent level for the 13 vs 22 kcfs comparison, indicating that these flows have statistically similar valuation functions when correlation is accounted for.
The review included analysis of pneumonia KCFs; however, detailed information about pneumonia subpopulations was not yet available.
Forbes Health System, a 784-bed hospital system in Pittsburgh, Pa., is an example of how knowledge of clinical processes and KCF subpopulations for a particular diagnosis can influence CQI.
(126) Consequently, the 2001 BiOp reduced the spill level to 60 kcfs. (127) Similar adjustments were made at other Lower Snake dams.
(120) The RPA also proscribed transportation of subyearling fall chinook at McNary until inriver conditions "deteriorate" (i.e., are no longer "spring-like," defined as river flows at or above the spring flow targets of 220 to 260 kcfs and ambient water temperatures below 62[degree]F).
NMFS's summer flow targets were 50 to 55 kcfs on the Snake, and 200 kcfs on the Columbia.
For example, looking again just at flow levels for the Snake River during the spring migration period, while NMFS expected that 1992 flows would average sixty-four kcfs, NMFS based its 1993 biological opinion on the expectation that the corresponding flows would be eighty-five kcfs during the same period in 1993.(41)
In the spring of 1985, because of its conservative reservoir refill forecasts at Dworshak, the Corps refused to use system flexibility to augment flows during the migration period in the Snake River, even though the flows dropped to as low as two-thirds of the 85 kcfs that the fishery managers and water budget center recognized as the biologically necessary minimum.(107) In fact, during the 60-day migration, flows were below the 85 kcfs agreed upon by the fishery managers and hydrosystem operators and managers for 22 days.(108) Dworshak Reservoir actually refilled early, then began immediately drafting to sell surplus energy to California.(109)
This was particularly true in the Snake River where water storage space is limited.(120) When natural run-off does not provide necessary fish flows, water must be released from either Dworshak, or the Idaho Power Company's (IPC) Brownlee Dam.(121) The year 1987 was the first that runoff forecasts indicated that natural flows would not provide 85 kcfs at the Snake River control point(122)-- the level that the fishery managers consider to be the biological minimum fish flows.(123) The year was also the first that IPC formally committed to participating in the water budget.(124) Therefore, 1987 was the first real test of the adequacy of the Snake River water budget volume, and the water budget proved to be woefully inadequate.