The majority of the studies referred to above were carried out before the release of the KDIGO guideline for anaemia, and they relied on the KDOQI
and the Third National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES III) definitions of anaemia.
clinical practice guideline for hemodialysis adequacy: 2015 update.
The natural history of autologous fistulas as first-time dialysis access in the KDOQI
guidelines support patient care staff' practice patterns in managing the hemodialysis vascular access and serve as the blueprint to quality care.
Guidelines for CKD Care: Guidelines and commentaries.
With respect to the magnitude of Kt/V, Kemp et al.'s (2001) and Eknoyan et al.'s (2002) research reviews determined that Kt/V greater than the KDOQI
target is only beneficial up to a certain point, and that even this has not consistently shown improvements in patient morbidity and mortality.
In line with a previous study  total calcium levels were categorized into four categories with the KDOQI
target range as the reference category.
According to the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI
) guidelines there are five stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) based on calculation of GFR.
In 2000, the National Kidney Foundation revealed results as (KDOQI
) Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative for kidney disease with clinical practice guidelines regarding nutrition in chronic kidney disease.
The National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (NKF KDOQI
) and the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) foundations have developed clinical practice guidelines, which vary slightly.
A framework for the classification of CKD was first proposed by the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) Kidney Disease Outcomes Initiative (KDOQI
) in 2002, and it was endorsed by Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) in 2004 (Levey et al., 2011).