Measures of business starts are common metrics of entrepreneurship, as are patents per capita and venture capital per capita, and the KIEA index.
The Kaufman Index of Entrepreneurial Activity (KIEA) uses data from the Current Population Survey.
For regressions on KIEA, business birthrates and sole-proprietorship we take the log of any variable that is not already a percentage.
In this study, however, we follow Hall and Sobel (2008) and employ the Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurial Activity (KIEA).
For each state, the KIEA measures the percent of non-business owning adults in a month who have started a business with more than 15 hours of work per week.
The KIEA uses the monthly data files from the Current Population Survey (CPS) to create a longitudinal data set of a representative sample of U.S.
The KIEA would appear to have two advantages over previous used measures of entrepreneurship in the literature.
The Lads were handed a lifeline after Bewdley had Ward sent off on 75 minutes for a second yellow card after a foul on Kiea
Cowley but goalkeeper Joe Siddaway then saved Rory Worthing's resulting penalty.
The Lads raced into a 4-0 lead after 20 minutes with goals from Kiea
Cowle, former prolific Pegasus Juniors marksman Cory Hyde (2) and Danny Herbefore Josh Jones pulled a goal back for Wednesfield from the penalty spot.
Pegasus Juniors produced a 3-0 win over Shifnal Town to keep the Shropshire side stuck in the bottom three after Sam Pearson plundered a brace of goals Kiea
Cowley converted the other.
Bilston Town Community pulled off a 3-2 win over Pegasus Juniors thanks to goals from Mark Habbershaw, Liam Morris and Mike Nelson while Kiea
Cowley and Dan Hill replied.
Keith Jones put the Hereford side ahead at half-time before Tom Dawson, Kiea
Cowley and a Anthony Robbins penalty wrapped up the points after Corey Pearce pulled a goal back for Sporting Community.